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Shaykh "Abdullah s Azzam 


Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. The Hereafter is for the pious, and there is no enmity save 
toward the unjust. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship save Allah alone, and I bear 
witness that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger. May Allah bless him, his pure Household, his 
noble Companions, and all those who follow them in goodness up to the day of Judgement. I am 
pleased to present this translation of the martyred Shaykh "Abdullah "Azzam's "Join The Caravan" 
(Ilhaq bil-qawafilah) to our English- speaking brothers and sisters. 

The Shaykh has done an excellent job of informing Muslims about jihad, the topic which is so much 
misunderstood and neglected today. The book focuses on Afghanistan, but most of what is mentioned 
is applicable to jihad in general. "Abdullah " Azzam was born in Palestine, and earned a Ph.D. in 
Islamic studies from Al-Azhar University in Egypt. He spent the early part of his life in Palestine, 
participating in the jihad there. However, matters there were not to his liking, for the people involved 
in jihad were far removed from Islam. He told of how these people used to spend the nights playing 
cards and listening to music, under the illusion that they were performing jihad to liberate Palestine. 

Shaykh "Abdullah mentioned that, out of the thousands in the camp he was in, the number of people 
who offered their salah in congregation were so few they could be counted on one hand. He tried to 
steer them towards Islam, but they resisted his attempts. One day he rhetorically asked one of the 
"Mujahideen" what the religion behind the Palestinian revolution was, to which the man replied, quite 
clearly and bluntly, "This revolution has no religion behind it." 

This was the last straw. Shaykh "Abdullah left Palestine, and went to Saudi Arabia to teach in the 
universities there. When he learned about the Afghan jihad, he left his teaching position at King 
"Abdul-" Aziz University and went to Islamabad, Pakistan, in order to be able to participate in the 
jihad. He travelled all over the world, calling on Muslims to rally to the defence of their religion and 
lands. He wrote a number of books on jihad. Moreover, he himself participated bodily in the Afghan 
jihad, despite the fact that he was in his sixties. He traversed Afghanistan, from north to south, east 
and west, in snow, through the mountains, in heat and in cold, riding donkeys and on foot. Young 
men with him used to tire from such exertions, but not Shaykh "Abdullah. No other Arab has worked 
for the Afghan jihad in such a manner. At an age of more than sixty years, he performed jihad in every 
way possible, truly responding to the call of Allah, "Go forth, light and heavy, and strive with your 
selves and your wealth in the path of Allah. That is better for you, if only you knew." {Qur'an, 9:41} 

He reared his family also, in the same spirit, so that his wife, for example, engaged in orphan care and 
other humanitarian work in Afghanistan. He refused teaching positions at a number of universities, 
declaring that he would not quit jihad until he was either martyred or assassinated. He used to 
reiterate that his ultimate goal was still to liberate Palestine. Naturally, such a pride to Islam caused 
great distress to the enemies of this religion, and they plotted to eliminate him. In 1989 CE, a lethal 
amount of TNT explosive was placed beneath the pulpit from which he delivered the sermon every 

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Friday. It was such a formidable quantity that if it had exploded, it would have destroyed the mosque, 
together with everything and everybody in it. Hundreds of Muslims would have been killed, but Allah 
provided protection and the bomb did not explode. 

The enemies, determined to accomplish their ugly task, tried another plot in Peshawar, shortly after 
this in the same year. They planted three bombs on a road so narrow only a single car could travel on 
it. It was the road Shaykh "Abdullah would use to drive to the Friday prayer. That Friday, theShaykh, 
together with two of his sons, Ibrahim and Muhammad, along with one of the sons of the late Shaykh 
Tamim "Adnani (another hero of the Afghan jihad), drove along the road. The car stopped at the 
position of the first bomb, and the Shaykh alighted to walk the remainder of the way. The enemies, 
lying in wait, then exploded the bomb. A loud explosion and a great thundering were heard all over 
the city. People emerged from the mosque, and beheld a terrible scene. Only a small fragment of the 
car remained; the young son Ibrahim flew 100 meters into the air; the other two youths were thrown a 
similar distance away, and their remains were scattered among the trees and power lines. As for 
Shaykh "Abdullah himself, his body was found resting against a wall, totally intact and not at all 
disfigured, except that some blood was seen issuing from his mouth. It was in this way that this great 
hero and reformer of Islam departed from the arena of jihad and from this world, never to return. May 
Allah accept him as a martyr, and grant him the highest station in Paradise. 

The struggle, which he stood for, continues, despite the enemies of Islam. "They seek to extinguish 
the light of Allah by their mouths. But Allah refuses save to perfect His light, even if the Disbelievers 
are averse. It is He who has sent His messenger with the guidance and the true religion, in order that 
He may make it prevail over all religions, even if the pagans are averse." {Qur'an, 9:32-33} Since the 
book was written, the Soviets have been expelled from Afghanistan, by Allah's grace, and the entire 
Soviet Union has disintegrated. 

Yet, the fighting in Afghanistan continues, as those who are striving to raise Allah's word battle 
against others whose motives were not purely Islamic. Doubtless, the struggle must continue until 
truth emerges distinct from falsehood, and the true Mujahideen attain triumph and defeat the 
Communists and other enemies of Islam who are trying to destroy the fruit of the Afghan jihad. It is 
particularly important for Muslims to acquaint themselves with the true state of affairs in Afghanistan 
before making unjustified, rash statements and accusations. Let us remind ourselves of the folly of 
speaking without being properly informed. "When you were propagating it with your tongues, your 
mouths uttering that of which you had no knowledge, thinking it to be of little consequence, whereas 
it was serious (indeed) before Allah" {Qur'an, 24:15} 

May Allah bring benefit by means of this book, and grant us all the courage and ability to respond to 
His call. May He grant success and victory to all those who strive in His way the world over. 


Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, and blessings and peace be upon the noblest of all the 
Messengers. This is a small treatise that I wrote for those who are pining away for jihad and who hope 
for martyrdom in its way. The book is in 2 parts: 

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Part 1: Reasons for jihad 
Part 2: Oh Islam! 

I have concluded with a synopsis and observations. We hope that Allah will being benefit by it, and 
will reform us and reform others by means of us, surely He is the Hearer, the Nearby, the Answerer of 
Prayers. I intend the book as a reply to many letters which I receive asking for advice about coming to 

So come to Gardens of Eden, for they are Your original abode and therein are camping 
grounds; But we are captives of the enemy, so can we then return to our home countries and 
give up? 

The Slave Needful of Allah, 
"Abdullah aPAzzam 
17 Sha'ban n 1407 A.H. 
15 April 1987 CE 


Praise be to Allah alone, and blessings and peace be on (Muhammad) after whom there is no Prophet 
(sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). It did not pass through my mind while I was writing this treatise that it 
might bring about such a great revolution, so that our numbers would increase close to tenfold. Nor 
did it cross my mind that there are latent capabilities lying beneath the heaps of practices which are 
lethal to perception and intuition. These aptitudes have the ability to respond to the true call bursting 
forth from the depths of hearts wounded by the condition of the Muslims. We have become 
conscious, in the course of our profound experiment in Afghanistan over a time-span of 7 years and 
some, that this Ummah is prolific and that it has not become barren of outstanding eras nor of delivery 
of men. We have seen that the land of Islam is still fertile; giving its produce at all times by its Lord's 
leave, whenever the plantations find a person of insight to serve as a trustworthy administrator. This 
Ummah only lacks exemplars to lead the journey sincerely, who are well acquainted with mobilizing 
an exploration, and who give priority to the commissioning of leadership. 

In proportion to the determined ones comes determination, And in proportion to noble people 
come noble deeds. In the eye of the little ones, the small misfortune appears tremendous, And 
diminished in the eye of the mighty are great distresses. 

We have already seen lofty examples of new blossoms, which Allah has steered until they ripened in 
the kiln of the battlefield, and became matured by its heat. We found most of these people to be from 
among those of modest upbringing, good-heart, and healthy character. We have seen that much 
education, with the accompanying suppression of deeds brings about a cold heart, slackened 
determination and a greed for life, which argues, unfeelingly and feebly against evidence by way of 
barren disputation. The wise instructor should look down upon hysteria, recklessness, faltering from 
seeing evil, losing aim due to anger over the women who have been raped, and feelings of jealous 
torment on seeing such profound events; all this is rashness. It is possible for Islam to obtain many 
benefits from the school of the Afghan Jihad. It is also possible for loftier models, people with mature 

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abilities and wiser, more mindful propagators to come to the land of jihad. Thousands of such people 
could bring about a tremendous revolution in the reality of Afghanistan, and in the inhabited regions 
thereafter. Those thousands may change history. We do not deny that a large number of arrivals, with 
simple thinking, shallow Islamic juristic knowledge drawn from diverse founts and different 
pedagogic schools, and disparity in levels of age and knowledge, has brought about a kind of 
convulsion in education. It has cast a great burden upon our shoulders. But what could we possibly do 
when so few mature people are coming, and the journey has incapacitated some of the sincere people 
of insight? We have tried to face the problem in its actual proportion, and to call to it anybody who 
cares to listen while bearing witness to the truth. However, none have come to us other than simple 
youths, who were therefore our raw material. Of course, it was necessary to work on them so that 
they could make their contribution and participate with their fortune in this noble, blessed activity. 
Mature propagators are still the talk of the hour in the Islamic jihad of Afghanistan, and the subject of 
pressing necessity and glaring need. There are still many solutions to problems in the hands of those 
who are not occupying the roles they should. Perhaps I am more conscious than others of the 
abundant good in this place, which is veiled from those who are absent, and the great success which 
so many of the arrivals have attained. The encouraging word of our Lord to theMujahideen suffices 
us (translated): 

"Those of the believers who sit back, except for those who are incapacitated, are not equal with those 
who strive in the way of Allah with their wealth and their selves. Allah has granted a higher rank to 
those who strive with their possessions and selves, over those who sit back. And to all of them has 
Allah promised good. But Allah has favored the Mujahideen with a tremendous reward, by levels 
from Him, and with forgiveness and mercy, over those who sit back. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, 
Most Merciful." {Qur'an 4:95-96} 

And also the encouraging words of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam): 

"It was asked, 'Oh Messenger of Allah! Which of mankind is most excellent?' He (sallallahu alayhi wa 
sallam) replied, 

A believer who strives in the Path of Allah with his self and his wealth.'" {Saheeh Bukhari 4/45} 

"Standing for an hour in the ranks of battle in the Path of Allah is better than standing in prayer for 
sixty years." {Saheeh, related bylbn Adee and Ibn Asakirfrom Abu Hurayrah (4/6165). Saheeh 
Al-Jaami ' As-Sagheer No. 4305} 

"A morning or evening spent in the Path of Allah is better than the world and all it contains." {Saheeh 
Al-Bukhari 4/50 - Agreed upon} 

And in Sahih Bukhari, reported from the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam): 

"In Paradise are a hundred levels which Allah has prepared for those who strive in His way. The 
difference between two consecutive levels is like that between earth and sky." {Saheeh Al-Bukhari 

In any case, there are two duties, which we are trying to establish: the duty of jihad (fighting), and the 
duty of arousing the believers. If, in this way, we achieve success, it is from Allah, and should we miss 

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it, it is because of Satan and ourselves. It suffices us that we have striven sincerely and called 
attention, with insight, to the terror of the situation. And we hope that Allah will provide us with 
sincerity and steadfastness and that He will accept our deeds from us, and bring us our end in 

"Abdullah "Azzam 

1st Jummad al-Awwal 1409 A.H. corresponding to 9th December 1988 CE 


Praise be to Allah Whom we praise, and from Whom we seek help and forgiveness. We seek refuge 
with Allah from the evil of our selves and from our bad deeds. Whomever Allah guides none can lead 
astray, and whomever He leaves to stray, none can guide him aright. I bear witness that there is none 
worthy of worship but Allah alone, Who has no partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His 
Servant and Messenger. 

Oh Allah! There is nothing easy except that which You make easy, and you make difficult things easy 
when You will. Anybody who looks into the state of the Muslims today will find that their greatest 
misfortune is their abandonment of Jihad "...due to love of this world and abhorrence of death.." 
{Extracted by AbuDawud, As-Saheehah 958 J. Because of that, the tyrants have gained dominance 
over the Muslims in every aspect and in every land. The reason for this is that the Disbelievers only 
stand in awe of fighting. 

"So fight in the Path of Allah- you will be held accountable only for yourself- and arouse the believers. 
Surely, Allah will subdue the might of the Disbelievers, and Allah is mightier in power and severer in 
exemplary punishment." (Quran 4:84} 

We then are calling upon the Muslims and urging them to proceed to fight, for many reasons, at the 
head of which are the following: 

1 . In order that the Disbelievers do not dominate. 

2. Due to the scarcity of men. 

3. Fear of Hell- fire. 

4. Fulfilling the duty of Jihad, and responding to the call of the Lord. 

5. Following in the footsteps of the Pious Predecessors. 

6. Establishing a solid foundation as a base for Islam. 

7. Protecting those who are oppressed in the land. 

8. Hoping for martyrdom. 

9. A shield for the Ummah, and a means for lifting disgrace off them 

10. Protecting the dignity of the Ummah, and repelling the conspiracy of its enemies 

11. Preservation of the earth, and protection from corruption 

12. Security of Islamic places of worship 

13. Protection of the Ummah from punishment, disfiguration and displacement 

14. Prosperity of the Ummah, and surplus of its resources 

15. Jihad is the highest peak of Islam. 

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16. Jihad is the most excellent form of worship, and by means of it the Muslim can reach the highest 
of ranks. 

1. In order that the Disbelievers do not dominate For in the noble verse of the Qur'an, we find, 

"And fight them until there is no Fitnah, and the way of life prescribed by Allah is established in its 
entirety. But even if they desist, Allah sees what they do." {Qur'an 8:39} 

So, if the fighting stops, the Disbelievers dominate, and the Fitnah, which is shirk, spreads. 

2. Scarcity of Men 

The crisis of the Islamic world is the lack of men who are competent in bearing responsibility and 
meriting trust, as has been reported in Sahih Bukhari: 

"People are like a hundred camels out of which you can hardly find one suitable to ride." {Saheeh 

This means that the ultimate in moderation regarding things of this world and in longing for the 
hereafter is as scarce as arahilah. It has been narrated that "Umar Ibn al-Khattab (may Allah be 
pleased with him) told the cream of his companions, 


and so each of them wished something, and then they said, 

"Wish, oh Commander of the Believers! " 

Umar then said, 

"I wish that I could have this house full of people like Abu Ubaydah bin Al-Jarrah. " (Abu Ubaydah 
was one about whom the Rasul (sallallahu alayhe wa sallam) said is the "trustworthy one" of the 

The men who know are few, those who act are even fewer. Those who perform Jihad are rarer and 
scarcer, and those who remain steadfast on this path are hardly sufficient to be mentioned. Many a 
time have I looked in on a gathering for Qur'anic recitation, comprising Arab youths who came to the 
Land of Honor and Glory (by which I mean the land of Afghanistan). 

Power on the back of distinction does ride, And distinction comes about through night journeys 
and vigilance. 

I am saying, I have looked at the countenances of the youths, seeking one among them proficient in 
the rules of recitation so that I could put him in charge of the group, but I did not find a single such 
one. Thereupon I could well say, "How our people have served us!" which are the very words that the 
Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said when seven youths of Ansar were killed in front of him on 

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the Day of Uhud. We are saying that our learned brethren and mature propagators have not come to 
us. On the contrary, some of them advise those who come forward to sit complacently in their own 
countries, even if they could not say a word against the injustice of the oppressors and the tyranny of 
the occupiers. And some of them give verdicts without knowledge, saying, "The Afghans are in need 
of money and not in need of men". As for me, through the course of my day-to-day life for this Jihad, I 
have found that the Afghans are in severe need of money. But their need for men is more severe, and 
the necessity of propagators is greater. I reaffirm this while living my eighth year amongst the 

If you have any doubt about what I am saying, then come with us. We will pass through Afghanistan 
so that you can see for yourself an entire regiment in which not a single person among them who is 
proficient in the recitation of the Qur'an. Then move on with me to another regiment so that you can 
be convinced that there is nobody in it who knows how to perform the funeral prayer, on account of 
which they are forced to carry their martyr long distances in order to find somebody to pray over his 
body. As for the juristic details of Jihad, such as distribution of booty and treatment of prisoners of 
war, these matters have arisen in many regiments. Due to ignorance about them, however, they were 
forced to pass them on to an area in which there was a scholar or scholars who could give their 
decisions according to the Islamic law. You will become aware, on account of the profound signs left 
by the Arab youths of modest education (possibly even not surpassing secondary school), of the severe 
need for propagators, Imams, reciters of the Qur'an and religious scholars. We mention, by way of 
example, and by no means exhaustive at that, the brothers, Abdullah Anas, Abu Dajanah, Abu v Asim, 
Tahir; there are many others besides them. If I were to tell you about AbuSfufayb, the illiterate Arab, 
and the meaningful impressions he left behind in the entire province of Baghlun, you would stand 
speechless and astonished, dumbfounded and in unceasing wonder. 

We still have hope for the brothers who have not been able to escape from the cage of communal 
practice, and who have not shaken off the accumulations of custom; those who have not cast off from 
their shoulders the traditions of defeated generations due to pressure of profound reality and before 
the evil, scheming onslaught of the Orientalists. I am telling these brothers that if they have not come 
out to us themselves, then at least those, whose souls are fluttering over the land of jihad should pray 
that they reach it with their bodies. 

We told one of the staff of Ahmad Shah Mas'ud - the most brilliant commander in Afghanistan, 
without dispute -{Ahmad Shah Masood: this statement was made in the 1980's, before Masood 
switched sides and joined the anti-Islamic forces against the Taliban } : 

"Tell us about Abu Asim, the reciter of the Qur'an, who was martyred amongst you inAndar. " 

He said, 

"I have not seen anybody comparable to him in dignity, disposition and sedate, tranquil conduct. 
Because of this, none of us used to speak in his presence, nor stretch out our feet, let alone joke or 
laugh. " 

What, then, will you say, brother, if I inform you that Abu v Asim only had a secondary school 
education, and was not more than twenty-three years old, but that he memorised the Qur'an? 

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So, now has come the time of true men, and this is a place not for words but for action. 

Forget about the plundered vaults, 

Tell me instead about the mounts. {This verse is by Amr Al-Qays, and it means: 'Stop talking about 
the vaults whose contents have been plundered, and tell me instead about the herd of strong camels 
on which our life depends.' This is a metaphor told to somebody who talks about insignificant things 
while ignoring significant matters. } 

This verse is byUmr al-Qays, and it means: Stop talking about the vaults whose contents have been 
plundered, and tell me instead about the herd of strong camels on which our life depends. This is a 
metaphor told to somebody who talks about insignificant things while abjuring significant matters. 
Surely, weighty matters and grave, painful disasters have befallen the Muslims. So stop talking about 
food and styles of speech, and instead, tell me about this important matter and what the Muslims have 
prepared for it. 

Matters which, were they to be contemplated by a child, 
The child's appearance would become that of one aged. 

3. Fear of the Fire 

Allah, the Mighty, the Majestic, says (translated): 

"Unless you go forth, He will punish you with a severe punishment, and will replace you with another 
people, and you will not harm Him at all. And Allah has power over all things." {Qur'an 9:39} 

Ibn aPArabi said {Tafseer Al-Qurtubi 8/142 J, 

"The severe punishment in this world is through the occupation of the enemy, and in the Hereafter by 

Qurtubi said, 

"It has been said that what is meant by this verse is that going out (for Jihad) is compulsory in times of 
need, of advent of the Disbelievers, and of severe furor of fighting. " 

Allah, the Mighty, the Majestic, says, (translated): 

"Those whose souls the angels take while they are wronging themselves - (the angels) say to them, 
'What was the matter with you?' They reply, 'We were weak and oppressed in the land.' (The angels) 
say, 'Was not Allah's earth spacious enough that you could emigrate therein?' Then, the abode of 
those people shall be Hell - how evil a destination! Except for such weak and oppressed men, women 
and children who were neither able to come up with a stratagem (to emigrate) nor shown any way (to 
do so) - those Allah will surely pardon, and Allah is Most Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. "{Qur'an 

Bukhari has narrated, through his sound chain of narration, that "Ikrimah said {Saheeh Bukhari}, 

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"Ibn ' Abbas informed me that people from among the Muslims were with the pagans, swelling their 
numbers, during the time of the Prophet Ipallallahu alayhi wa sallam). Arrows which were shot would 
come and hit some of them, killing them, and then Allah revealed (the verses meaning), "Those whose 
souls the angels take while they are wronging themselves... " 

Thus, the believers in Mecca who were clutching on to their religion and had not emigrated went out 
on the day of Badr out of shame and fear of the Disbelievers, so that the ranks of the Disbelievers 
were swelled. Then some of these Muslims were killed, and according to Bukhari's narration, they 
deserve Hell. What then do you think about the millions of Muslims who are being humiliated with 
dreadful persecution, and are living the lives of cattle? They cannot repel attacks on their honor, lives 
and properties. Nay, such a man cannot even have his own way in growing his beard because it is an 
obvious sign of Islam. Nor, in fact, is he free to have his wife wear the long garments required by 
Islam because it is a crime for which he may be seized anywhere and at any time. Nor can he teach the 
Qur'an to three Muslim youths in the mosque because it is an illegal gathering according to the law of 
the ignorant. Nay, in some of the countries which are called Islamic, he cannot even have his wife 
cover her hair, nor can he prevent the intelligence officers from taking his daughter by the hand in the 
deep of night, under the cover of pitch-darkness, to wherever they wish. Can he refuse a command 
issued by the evil authorities in which he provides a cheap sacrifice on the altar of the whims of this 

Are these millions not living lives of despicable subjugation, and do the angels not take their souls 
while they are wronging themselves? What then will be their reply when the angels ask them, 

"What was the matter with you?" 

Will they not say, 

"We were weak and oppressed in the land"? 

Weakness is not an excuse before the Lord of the Worlds. In fact, it is a crime making the one 
committing it deserving of Hell. But Allah has excused those of advanced years; the small children; 
and the women who neither find any scheme for liberation, nor know the path to the Land of Honor, 
nor are able to emigrate to the land of Islam or to arrive at the base for Jihad. 

I shall turn my face away from a land which has 
Made tongue ineffective and locked up my heart, 
A man's clear resolution and common sense 
Dictate that he turn away from the sun's glare. 

Jihad and emigration to Jihad have a deep-rooted role which cannot be separated from the 
constitution of this religion. A religion, which does not have Jihad, cannot become established in any 
land, nor can it strengthen its frame. The steadfast Jihad, which is one of the innermost constituents 
of this religion and which has its weight in the scales of the Lord of the Worlds, is not a contingent 
phenomenon peculiar to the period in which the Qur'an was revealed; it is in fact a necessity 
accompanying the caravan which this religion guides. 

Sayyid Qutb says (Fi Dhilaal-il-Quran2/742}, interpreting this verse, 

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"If Jihad had been a transitory phenomenon in the life of the MuslimUmmah, all these sections of the 
Qur'anic text would not be flooded with this type of verse! Likewise, so much oftheunnah of the 
Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), would not be occupied with such matters. If Jihad 
were a passing phenomenon of Islam, the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) would not 
have said the following words to every Muslim until the Day ofSudgement, 'Whoever dies neither 
having fought (in Jihad), nor having made up his mind to do so, dies on a branch of hypocrisy. ' 
{Muslim, on the authority of AbuHurayrah} 

Allah, the Flawless, knows that this is a thing that kings hate! And He knows that the associates of the 
ruler will inevitably resist it because it is a way other than theirs. It is a manner different from their 
own, not only for a fixed duration, but today and tomorrow and in every land and in every era! Allah, 
the Flawless, knows that Evil is a braggart and that it is not possible for it to become fair. Nor will it tc 
allow Good to rise in whatever safe, well-established ways that the latter follows, because the very 
growth of Good is a risk to Evil. The very existence of truth is a danger to falsehood. And, no doubt, 
Evil will turn to hostility; and certainly, Falsehood will defend itself by attempting to kill the truth and 
suppress it by force. This is a natural disposition, not a temporal matter! It is nature, and not a 
transient condition. 

Hence, certainly there must be Jihad. . .assuredly in every form... unquestionably it should begin in the 
realm of ideas, and then appear in and pervade the world of truth, reality and 

experience... Undoubtedly, armed Evil must be taken on by armed Good... Falsehood strengthened by 
numbers must be confronted by Truth garbed with preparation... otherwise it would be suicide, or jest 
not befitting Muslims. " 

I blame not the invader when he uses force or prepares, For his way is to seize, and our concern 
must be to prepare. 

4. Responding to the Call of the Lord 

Allah, Most High, says, (translated): 

"Go forth, light and heavy, and strive with your wealth and selves in the Path of Allah; that is better 
for you, if only you knew." {Qur'an 9:41} 

Qurtubi has quoted ten different reports for the interpretation of "light" and "heavy": 

1. Narrated fromlbn v Abbas: youthful and mature. 

2. Narrated fromlbn v Abbas and Qatadah: eager and uneager. 

3. Light: rich, and heavy: poor. Reported by Mujahid. 

4. Light: youthful, and heavy: old. Reported by Hasan Basri. 

5. Busy and unoccupied. Reported byZayd Ibn Ah and al-Hakam Ibn v Utaybah. 

6. Heavy is the one with family, and light is the one with no family. Reported by Zayd Ibn Aslam. 

7. Heavy is the one with some work, which he dislikes abandoning, and light is the one without any 
work. Reported by Ibn Zayd. 

8. Light: infantry, and heavy: cavalry. Reported by al-Awza v i. 

9. Light are the ones who rush to the war like the vanguard (the foremost rank of the army). 

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10. Light: brave, and heavy: cowardly. Reported by al-Naqqash. 

The correct interpretation, in our understanding, is that people have been ordered as a whole. That is, 
"Go forth, whether the activity is light for you or heavy." It has been narrated thatlbn Umm Maktum 
[the blind man] came to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), and asked him, "Do I 
have to do battle?" The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, 

"Yes," until Allah Most High revealed the verse meaning, "There is no blame on the blind." 

These reports are only to illustrate "light" and "heavy", and a sensible person does not doubt that 
the conditions in which we are living, in Afghanistan and Palestine - nay in the major part of the 
Islamic world - fall under the jurisdiction of this verse. There is agreement among mufassirin, 
muhaddithin, jurists and scholars of usul (religious principles) that when the enemy enters an Islamic 
land or a land that was once part of the Islamic lands, it is obligatory on the inhabitants of that place 
to go forth to face the enemy. 

But if they sit back, or are incapable, lazy, or insufficient in number, the individual obligation (fard 
v ayn) spreads to those around them. Then if they also fall short or sit back, it goes to those around 
them; and so on and so on, until the individually obligatory (fard v ayn) nature of jihad encompasses 
the whole world. At that time, nobody can abandon it, just like salah and fasting, to the extent that 
the son may go out without the permission of his father, the debtor without the permission of the one 
he owes, the woman without the permission of her husband, and the slave without the permission of 
his master. The individually obligatory nature of jihad remains in effect until the lands are purified 
from the pollution of the Disbelievers. However, a woman going out on a journey must have a 

I have not found, in my modest experience, any book of fiqh, tafsir or Hadith, which does not 
document this condition. None of the Predecessors have said that this condition is one in which jihad 
is Fard kifayah, nor have they said that the permission of parents is necessary. The sin is not lifted off 
the necks of the Muslims as long as any area of land (which was once Muslim) remains in the hands of 
the Disbelievers, and none are saved from the sin except those who perform jihad. 

So, everyone not performing jihad today is forsaking a duty, just like the one who eats during the days 
of Ramadhan without excuse, or the rich person who withholds the Zakat from his wealth. Nay, the 
state of the person who abandons jihad is more severe. 

As Ibn Taymiyyah says, "As for the occupying enemy who is spoiling the religion and the world, there 
is nothing more compulsory after faith ( man) than repelling him. "(Fatawa Al-Kubra 4/520} 

And the clear truth which cannot be escaped is contained in the words of Abu Talhah when he recited 
(the words meaning), 

'Go forth, light and heavy,' 

He said, 

'Young and old, Allah has not accepted the excuse of anyone. ' 

Page 11 

Then he said, 

'O son! Prepare me (for jihad), prepare me!' 

His son said, 

'May Allah have mercy on you! You did battle along with the Prophet fallallahu alayhi wa sallam) 
until he died, and together with AbuBakr until he died, and the same alongsideUmar until he died, so 
now we will do battle on your behalf. ' 

But Abu Talhah said, 

'No, prepare me. ' 

So he went out for jihad, and died at sea, and they did not find an island on which they could bury 
him until seven days later, at which time they buried him there. His corpse had not decomposed, may 
Allah be pleased with him. 

Al-Qurtubi says {Tafseer Al-Qurtubi 7/151], 

"When jihad becomes individually obligatory because of the domination of the enemy over a piece of 
land, or by their occupation of apart of the Islamic heartland, then at that stage, it is obligatory on all 
the inhabitants of that land to go forth. They must go out light and heavy, young and old, each 
according to his/her capability; those with fathers without their fathers' permission, and also those 
without fathers. 

None should linger behind from going out either to fight or to increase numbers, even if the 
inhabitants of that area are weak, until they know that they have amongst them the capability to 
withstand the enemy and repel them. 

In the same way, it is also compulsory for everybody who knows of their weakness against the enemy, 
and knows that he could join them and help, to go out, for the Muslims are all a single hand against 
the enemy. This is the status of jihad until the inhabitants of the area have managed to repel the enemy 
that descended upon the land and occupied it, at which point the obligation is waived from the others. " 

If the enemy comes close to the Land of Islam (darul-Islam) without actually entering it, it is also 
necessary that the people should go out towards them until the religion of Allah prevails, the territory 
is protected, its heartland is safeguarded, and the enemy is subdued. There is no disagreement 
regarding any of this. How beautiful are the verses of the poetic genius al-JaMi in addressing his wife 
who wishes that he would sit with his family: 

She spent the night sitting, reminding me of Allah 
While tears abundantly down their channels did run. 
Dear woman! The Book of Allah has taken me forth, 
Averse. Shall I then forbid Allah from what He has done? 
ff I return, then the Lord of Creation shall have returned me; 

Page 12 

If I meet my Lord then in my place marry another man. 
I was not lame nor blind that He should excuse me, 
Nor weak from any illness causing incapacitation. 

5. Following the Pious Predecessors 

Jihad was a way of life for the Pious Predecessors, and the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was a 
master of the Mujahideen and a model for fortunate, inexperienced people. When there was fierce 
fighting, they used to stand resolutely by the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) lest he 
be closest to the enemy. The total number of military excursions which he (sallallahu alayhi wa 
sallam) accompanied was twenty-seven. He himself fought in nine of these; namely Badr, Uhud, 
al-Muraysi, The Trench, Qurayzah, Khaybar, The Triumph of Makkah, Hunayn and Ta'if. (This is 
according to those who consider that Makkah was conquered by force.) He sent out a total of forty- 
seven attachments. It has also been said that he participated in the fight against Banu Nadir. This 
means that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) used to go out on military expeditions 
or send out an army at least every two months. The virtuous Companions continued upon the path of 
the Noble Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), for the Glorious Qur'an had brought up this 
generation with an education of Jihad. They had been bathed in Jihad and cleansed of engrossment in 
worldly matters, just as a wound is bathed in water. 

It has been narrated that Aslam Abu Tmran said {Al-Haakim in Al-Mustadrak 2/275 declared it 
Saheeh and Dhahabi agreed), 

"In Constantinople, a man of the Emigrants fynuhajirin) attacked the enemy ranks until he had 
penetrated them. AbuAyyub al-Ansari was with us. Some people said, 'He has contributed to his 
destruction with his own hands. ' 

Upon this, Abu Ayyub said, 

"We are more knowledgeable about this verse, for it was revealed in our midst. We accompanied the 
Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), and we witnessed events with him and assisted him. 
Then, when Islam had spread and prevailed, a group of usAnsar, brought together by our mutual 
bonds of love, gathered one day and said, Allah has honored us with the companionship of His 
Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) until Islam has spread and its adherents have become many. We 
used to prefer him over our families, possessions and children, but now the war is over, so we will 
return to our wives and children and remain with them. ' Then the verse was revealed, (translated): 
And spend in the Path of Allah, and do not contribute to your destruction with your own hands. ' 
{Qur'an 2:195} So, the destruction lay in remaining with one's family and wealth and abandoning 
Jihad. " 

Tkrimah has narrated about Dumrah Ibn "Ays, who was one of the weak and oppressed Muslims in 
Makkah and was sick, that when he heard what Allah revealed about hijrah he said, Take me out!' So 
a stretcher was brought for him and he was put on it and was taken out. He died on the way at 
Tan^im, 2 km from Makkah." {Tafseer Al-Qurtubi 5/349} 

Tabari has reported that Miqdad Ibn al-Aswad was seen at a money- changer's table in Emesa. He 
was leaning on the table due to his corpulence, and somebody said, 

Page 13 

"Allah has excused you!" 

Whereupon he said, 

"The surah of dispatchment has come to us, 'Go forth, heavy and light. "' {Surah Al-Bu'ooth is one of 
the names of Surah At-Taubah, 'bu'ooth' meaning 'dispatchment', as in the Surah that dispatches the 
believers to Jihad} 

Al-Zuhri said, 

"Said Ibn al-Musayyib went out for Jihad when he was blind in one eye, and somebody told him, 'You 
are an invalid' but he said, 'Allah has called forth the light and the heavy. If I cannot fight, I will 
increase our numbers and guard possessions. '" 

It has been narrated (Tafseer Al-Qurtubi 8/151 J that somebody saw, in the battles of the Levant 
(Levant is English for Ash- Sham, which includes the arecomprimising moder-day Syria, Palestine, 
Jordan, and Lebanon}, a man whose eyelids were sagging over his eyes on account of old age, and so 
he told him, 

"Uncle, Allah has excused you. " 

But the man said, 

"Nephew, we have been ordered to go forth light and heavy. " 

Then, there is Ibrahim Ibn Adham, who when he perceived that he was dying, said, "String my bow 
for me. " He died while it was in his hand, and he was buried on a Roman island {Tareekh Dimashq, 
Ibn Asakir 2/1 790 J. And Abdullah Ibn al-Mubaarak, who used to traverse two thousand six hundred 
kilometres travelling or riding his beast, in order to fight in the Path of Allah in the seaports of the 
Muslims. Zuhayr Ibn Qumayr al-Maruzi said {Tarteeb Al-Madarik, Al-Qadi Ayyadh 3/249], "I have 
been wishing for meat for forty years, and I will not eat it until I enter Rome, and then I will eat it out 
of the booty of Rome. " v Urwah Ibn al-Ja v d, the Judge of Kufah, used to have in his house seventy 
horses appointed for Jihad. {Tahzeeb-ul-Asma! wal-Lalghat 1/33 1 } 

Muhammad Ibn Wasf was a devout worshipper and a muhaddith {scholar ofhadeeth}, and also 
participated in military expeditions and in guarding the front-line. Commander Qutaybah Ibn Muslim 
al-Bahili said of him, "That the finger of Muhammad Ibn WasP points to the sky in battle is more 
beloved to me than one hundred thousand renowned swords and strong youths. "{Al-Mashuq fil- Jihad 
p. 66 J Ahmed Ibn Ishaq al-Sulami says {Tahzeeb-ul-Tahzeeb, Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani 1/14], "I know 
with certainty that I have killed one thousand Turks with this sword of mine. Were it not an innovation, 
I would order that it be buried with me. " 

Then there is Abu Abdullah Ibn Qadus. He acquired such a reputation on account of the large number 
of Christians he killed in Spain that when a Christian used to try to make his own horse drink, and it 
would not advance to the water, he used to say to it, "What's the matter with you? Did you see Ibn 
Qadus in the water?" {Al-Mashuq fil-Jihaa '/?. 77/ Badr Ibn v Ammar killed a Hon with his whip, and 

Page 14 

thus he was praised by al-Mutanabbi in the following couplet: 

Does he sully the lion with his whip? 

For whom then are you saving the burnished sword? 

There is also v Umar al-Mukhtar, of whom Girasiyani, the Italian commander, says, "He plunged into 
263 battles with our forces over twenty months. His total battles numbered one thousand. " 

And then there is Shaykh Muhammad Farghali. The English in al- Isma'iliyyah used to declare a state 
of emergency in their camps when Farghali entered the city, and they offered fifty thousand pounds to 
anybody for him, dead or alive. Yusuf Tafat used to be called "Butcher of the English" on account of 
the large numbers of them that he killed in the Suez Canal. Abdel-Nasser executed both of them to 
please his American masters. Muhammad Bana, one of the general staff of Ahmad Shah Mas'ud, told 
me that he and his company have blown up 400 transport vehicles while passing by Salang. The 
Russians call him "The General". He captured 200 Kalakovs and 200 Kalashnikovs, and Muhammad 
Bana has told me that he once destroyed 150 tanks all together. 

6. Establishing a solid foundation as a base for Islam 

Establishment of the Muslim community on an area of land is a necessity, as vital as water and air. 
This homeland will not come about without an organised Islamic movement which perseveres 
consciously and realistically upon Jihad, and which regards fighting as a decisive factor and as a 
protective wrapping. 

The Islamic movement will not be able to establish the Islamic community except through a common, 
people's Jihad which has the Islamic movement as its beating heart and deliberating mind. 

It will be like the small spark which ignites a large keg of explosives, for the Islamic movement brings 
about an eruption of the hidden capabilities of the Ummah, and a gushing forth of the springs of 
Good stored up in its depth. The Companions of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) were 
exceedingly few in number compared to the troops who toppled the throne of the Persian Kisra and 
overthrew the Caesar of Rome. 

Nay, the tribes which reneged from Islam in the days of Abu Bakr al-Siddiq were dispatched by 
v Umar Ibn al-Khattab, after they had announced their repentance, to fight against the Persians. Talhah 
Ibn Khuwaylid al-Asadi, who had laid claim to Prophethood (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) before, 
became one of the most outstanding and revered heroes. SaM chose him for the important task of 
reconnoitring for information about the Persians, in which he showed outstanding courage. 

There are the handful of officers, some of whom may think that it is possible for them to carry out a 
collective Muslim effort - this is a kind of fantasy or delusion reminiscent of the past. It will be no 
more than a repetition of the tragedy of Abdel Nasser with the Islamic Movement once again. 

The popular Jihad movement with its long path of effort, great sacrifice and serious losses, purifies 
souls so that they tower above the lower material world. Important matters rise above petty disputes 
about money, short-term desires and inferior provisions. Malice disappears and souls are sharpened; 
and the caravan moves on up from the foot of the mountain to the lofty summit, far away from the 

Page 15 

stench of clay and the struggles of the low ground. Along the path of Jihad, the leadership is 
categorized. Abilities become manifest from the offerings and sacrifices, and men come forth with 
bravery and service. 

Do not think glory to be a wine-skin and songstress, 

For glory can come only through war and severe fighting. 

When important matters are the only concern, souls are uplifted above minor issues, and important 
things occupy people's hearts and hopes. 

When you embark on an honorable venture. 

Be not content with aiming below the stars. 

For the taste of death in a paltry matter Is like the taste of death in a significant matter. 

The cowards will see cowardice as reason. 

And that is the treachery of the depraved disposition. 

The nature of societies is precisely that of water. In stagnant water, water moss and decayed matter 
float on the surface, whereas flowing water will not carry scum on its surface. Similarly, the leadership 
of a stagnant society cannot fulfil its responsibility because leadership emerges only through 
movement, sacrifice, service and offering. Abu Bakr, v Umar, v Uthman and v Ali emerged as 
outstanding individuals through great feats and excessive sacrifices. 

Thus Abu Bakr was not in need of election propaganda when the Ummah reached a consensus to 
elect him. No sooner did the soul of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) ascend to 
meet his Lord than were all eyes turned to the open position; and they found none better than Abu 
Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him). The Ummah, which performs Jihad, pays a high price, and so it 
harvests ripe fruits. It is not easy to lose something that was won through sweat and blood. Those 
who sit at the helm of leadership of people by the power of the first announcement of a military 
revolution accomplished behind the scenes in one of the offices of mediation can easily lose 

Whoever seized a land without fighting, 
It is easy for him to give it up. 

The Ummah of Jihad, which is led by extraordinary people who emerged through the long Jihad 
movement, will not easily lose command, nor serve as easy prey for collapse. It is also not easy for its 
enemies to make it have suspicions about its heroes' excursions. The Jihad movement familiarizes the 
Ummah with all its individuals, informing them that they have contributed to the price paid, and have 
participated in the sacrifice for the establishment of the Islamic community. Thus they will be 
trustworthy custodians of this newborn community which has relieved the whole Ummah from the 
agony of its labor-pains. Without a doubt, the Islamic community will be born, but birth cannot be 
accomplished without labor, and with labor there must be pain. 

7. Protecting the oppressed in the land 

Among the incentives for the Islamic Jihad is the protection of those who are weak and oppressed in 
the land, and lifting injustice off them. 

Page 16 

"What is the matter with you, that you do not fight in the Path of Allah, while the weak and 
oppressed from among the men, women and children who are saying, 'Oh our Lord! Take us out of 
this town, whose people are oppressors, and give us from You a supporter, and give us from You a 
helper!" {Qur'an 4:75-76} 

How can there be relaxation, and how can the Muslim be calm, 
When the Muslim women are with the oppressing enemy? 

The Islamic jurists are in consensus that Jihad becomes fard 'ayn, an individual obligation, both 
physically and by material support, when a Muslim woman is abused. In al-Bazzaziyyah, it is reported, 

"If a Muslim woman is abused in the West, it becomes obligatory on the people of the East to rescue 

I wish that, even if they will not protect the religion. 
At least, they would fight defending the women's honor. 
Even if they are not interested in Jihad's reward, 
They could, at least, come and fight to win booty. 

Once I was with Hikmatyar {Engineer Gulbuddin Hekmatyar; this statement was made before 
Hekmatyar allied himself with Iran against theTaliban] in Logar (a province of Afghanistan), when 
he struck a serious blow to the communist headquarters of the province. The children of the province 
shouted, and the tongues of the women were full of prayers for Hikmatyar. 

What! Muslim women are abused in every land? 

Shall the lives of Muslims then be good? 

Does Allah and Islam not have the right 

That every youth and aged one for it should fight? 

Islam came to affirm justice on earth, 

"We surely sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and We revealed with them the Book and the 
Balance, that Mankind might establish justice." (Qur'an 57:25} 

8. Hoping for Martyrdom and the High Station in Paradise 

It has been reported in the authentic hadith narrated by Imam Ahmad and Tirmidhi (Saheeh Al-Jaami' 
No. 5058], on the authority of Miqdam Ibn Ma v d, that: 

"The martyr has seven special favours from Allah: 

He is forgiven with the first spurt of his blood, 

He sees his place in Paradise, 

He is clothed with the garment of Faith, 

He is wed with seventy-two wives from the beautiful Houris of Paradise, 

He is saved from the punishment of the grave, and he is protected from the Great Terror onQiyamah 

On his head is placed a crown of dignity, the jewel of which is better than the world and all it 

Page 17 


He is granted intercession for seventy people of his household." 

Bukhari has reported from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said 
{Fath-ul-Bari, Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani 6/9; Al-Bukhari}: 

"In Paradise there are one hundred levels which Allah has prepared for those who strive in His Path 
(the Mujahideen), the difference between two levels is like the difference between heaven and earth, 
so when you ask Allah, ask forFirdaws" 

9. A shield for the Ummah, and a means for lifting disgrace off them 

An authentic hadith reported by Imam Ahmad, on themarfu" authority of Ibn v Umar, states {Saheeh 
Al-Jaami'No. 688}, 

"When people are stingy with dinars and dirhams (dinar = gold and dirham = silver], and trade in 
Al-Inah {Al-Inah: a type of usury (interest) that involves selling something as a debt for a greater 
price, then buying it back for a lesser price} and follow the tails of cows {meaning when they become 
preoccupied with agriculture and breeding animal^ , Allah will establish over them a disgrace which 
He will not remove until they return to their religion." 

10. Protecting the dignity of theUmmah, and repelling the conspiracy of its enemies 

"Fight, therefore, in the Path of Allah - you will be held accountable only for yourself - and arouse the 
believers. Surely, Allah will subdue the might of the Disbelievers. And Allah is stronger in power, and 
sterner in exemplary punishment." {Qur'an 4:84} 

In an authentic hadith narrated by Imam Ahmad and Abu Dawud {Saheeh al-Jaami' No. 8035}, on 
the authority of Thawban, we are told: 

"A time will come when the nations (of the world) will surround you from every side, just as diners 
gather around the main dish. 

Somebody asked, 

'Oh Messenger of Allah, will it be on account of our scarcity at that time?' 

He said, 'No, but you will be scum, like the scum of flood water. Feebleness will be placed in your 
hearts, and fear will be removed from the hearts of your enemies, on account of your love for the 
world, and your abhorrence of death.'" 

11. Preservation of the earth, and protection from corruption 

"Had it not been for Allah's countering some people by means of others, the earth would surely have 
become decadent." {Qur'an 2:251} 

12. Security of Islamic places of worship 

Page 18 

"Had it not been for Allah's countering some people by means of others, surely cloisters, churches, 
synagogues and mosques, in which the name of Allah is remembered much, would have been 
destroyed." {Qur'an 22:40} 

13. Protection of theUmmah from punishment, disfiguration and displacement 

"Unless you go forth, He will punish you with a severe retribution, and will replace you with another 
people" {Qur'an 9:39} 

14. Prosperity of the Ummah, and surplus of its resources 

"My sustenance has been put under the shadow of my spear." 

This is an authentic hadith, reported by Imam Ahmad, on the authority oflbn v Umar. {Saheeh 
Al-Jaami' No. 2828} 

15. Jihad is the highest peak of Islam . 

"The highest peak of it is Jihad," we find in authentic hadith reported on the authority ofMu'adh 
{ Saheeh - At-Tirmidhi} . Jihad is also the asceticism of this Ummah as narrated by Imam Ahmad on 
the authority of Abu Saeed Al-Khudri: "And you should perform Jihad, for it is the asceticism of this 
Ummah." {Saheeh Ahmad 3/82} 

16. Jihad is the most excellent form of worship, and by means of it the Muslim can reach the 
highest of ranks. 

Al-Fadl Ibn Ziyad said, 

"I heard Abu ' Abdullah Ahmad Ibn Hanbal while he was talking about the enemy, and he began 
crying, saying there is no deed of righteousness better than fighting them. " 

It was reported about him by others, that he said, 

"Nothing matches encountering the enemy, and face-to-face combat is the most excellent of deeds. 
Those who fight the enemy are the ones who protect Islam and its holy places, and what deed could be 
superior to that? People are safe while they are in fear, and they have contributed the their very 
lifeblood." {Al-Mughni 8/348-349} 

In Bukhari appears the following hadith {Saheeh Al-Bukhari 6/9}: 

"In Heaven there are a hundred levels which Allah has prepared for those who perform Jihad in the 
Path of Allah; the difference between every (successive) pair of these is like the difference between 
heaven and earth." 


Page 19 

Oh Muslims! Upon you be peace, and Allah's mercy and His blessings. The enormous sacrifices 
apportioned to the Afghan Muslim people are no secret to you. To date, nine years and some have 
passed since the start of the illustrious revolution against the Communist invasion. During this time, 
the Muslims in Afghanistan have endured as much as mortals can endure in the course of protecting 
their religion, honor and children. Not a single house remains in Afghanistan that has not been 
transformed into a funeral home or an orphanage. 

These people have an excuse before Allah, and have called to Allah to bear witness, on the basis of 
the skulls, cripples, souls and blood, that there has not remained a single arrow in the bow, and the 
arrows of the quiver have almost broken through. 

Through the course of this long period of time, the Afghans had expectations of their Muslim brethren 
in case their numbers became decreased, and also so that the Muslim brotherhood could be aroused in 
their depths. Yet, until now, the Muslims have not heeded their call. In the ears of the Muslims is a 
silence, rather than the cries of anguish, the screams of virgins, the wails of orphans and the sighs of 
old men. Many well-off people have deemed it sufficient to send some of the scraps from their tables 
and crumbs from their food. 

But the situation is more serious, and gravely momentous, and the Muslims in Afghanistan are in 
severe distress and definite, menacing peril. This blessed jihad was established by a handful of youths 
who were nurtured in Islam, and by a group of scholars who devoted themselves to Allah. But most 
of this first generation has fallen in martyrdom, and the second generation has advanced. This second 
generation has not been fortunate enough to receive the same share of upbringing and guidance, and 
have not come across a stretched-out hand showing an interest in teaching and training them. Such 
people are in dire need of somebody who can live amongst them to direct them toward Allah and 
teach them religious regulations. 

According to our modest experience and knowledge, we believe that jihad in the present situation in 
Afghanistan is individually obligatory (fard v ayn), with one's self and wealth as has been confirmed by 
the jurists of the four schools of Islamic jurisprudence, without any exception. Along with them, the 
same opinion has been given by the majority of exegetes (mufassirin), hadith-scholars and scholars of 
religious principles (usul). 

Ibn Taymiyah said {Fatawa Al-Kubra 4/608], 

"When the enemy has entered an Islamic land, there is no doubt that it is obligatory on those closest to 
the land to defend it, and then on those around them, ... for the entire Islamic land is like a single 
country. Also, (it is compulsory) to go forth to meet the enemy without permission from parents or 
people to whom one is in debt. The texts of (Imam) Ahmad are quite explicit regarding this. " 

He also said (Majmu' al-Fatawa 28/358], 

"When the enemy wants to attack the Muslims, defence becomes obligatory on all those upon whom 
the attack is intended, and on others besides them, just as Allah has said, (translatedAnd if they seek 
your help in the matter of religion, then you must help them'"{Qur'an 8:72} 

Page 20 

This is just as the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) has ordered the individual to help Muslims, 
whether or not he has been recruited for fighting. It is obligatory on every individual according to his 
capability and wealth, little or plenty, whether walking or riding. When the enemy proceeded towards 
the Muslims in the Year of the Trench, Allah did not excuse anybody. The texts of the four juristic 
schools are explicit and definite in this respect, and leave no room for interpretation, ambiguity or 

Ibn v Abidin, the Hanafi scholar says {Hashiyah, Ibn Abidin Al-Hanafi 3/238], 

"(Jihad is)fard "ayn when the enemy has attacked any of the Islamic heartland, at which point it 
becomes fard "ayn on those close to the enemy ... As for those beyond them, at some distance from the 
enemy, it is fard kifayahfor them unless they are needed. The need arises when those close to the 
enemy fail to counter the enemy, or if they do not fail but are negligent and fail to perform jihad. In 
that case it becomes obligatory on those around them fard "ayn, just like prayer and fasting, and 
they may not abandon it. (The circle of people on whom jihad isfard "ayn expands) until in this way, it 
becomes compulsory on the entire people of Islam, of the West and the East" 

Verdicts in the same vein were issued also by the Hanafi scholars al-Kasani {BadaV As-Sanai' 7/72], 
Ibn Nujaym {Al-Bahr Ar-Ra'iq 5/72], and Ibn al-Hammam {Fath-ul-Qair 5/191]. If you wish, you 
may also peruse theMaliki al-Dasuqi's Hashiyah (Hashiyah 2/174], Nihayat-ul-Muhtaj by the Shaff i 
al-Ramali {8/58}, and Al-Mughni by the Hanbali Ibn Qudamah {Al-Mughni, 8/345}. 

Perhaps some people find justification for themselves for avoiding jihad by the fact that many of the 
Afghans are not at an acceptable level of Islamic training, and they therefore make excuses for 
themselves, on the basis of some irregularities, to sit back. But the refutation of this is that the jurists 
have documented that it is obligatory to perform jihad even with an extremely sinful army. This is one 
of the principles of Ahl al-Sunnah wal- Jama v ah, "to perform jihad with every pious and sinful man " 
for Allah will support this religion through a sinful man, and by means of disgraceful people who have 
no morals. This is in fact the way of the prime of the Ummah, of recent as well as of old. In fact, to 
abstain from fighting behind one's leaders, even if they are corrupt, or with a highly unrighteous army, 
is the practice of the Hururiyyah (one of the sects of the Khawarij) and their like; people who adopt 
the way of vain cautiousness emanating from lack of knowledge. {Majmu' Al-Fatawa, Ibn Taymiyyah 

Some others excuse themselves by claiming that their presence in their country is necessary for the 
purpose of education and upbringing. For such people, we present the words of al-Zuhri: 

"Said Ibn al-Musayyib went out to battle at the point where he had lost the use of one of his eyes. He 
was told, 

You are an invalid, ' but he said, 

Allah has summoned forth the light and the heavy. So if I cannot fight, I will swell the ranks and 
guard belongings. ' " 

So, whose position and job can measure up to the rank of the Master of the Successors/Ta&reeM: 2nd 
generation after the prophetsallallahu alayhi wa sallam], the heir of Prophetic knowledge through 

Page 21 

his father-in-law Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him)? Matters have reached a critical 
point, the noose is tightening, the situation is grave for the Muslims, so when will we go forth? And 
for how long will we sit back doing nothing? 

The jurists used to rule, as has been reported in al-Bazzaziyyah, that "If a Muslim woman is abused in 
the West, it is obligatory on the people of the East to rescue her. What then would our scholars say 
about the thousands of women who are being raped in their homes? How would they respond to the 
women who cast themselves in the Kunar River in Laghman, fleeing from rape at the hands of the 
Red Army, in order to guard their chastity? (It is not permissible for a woman, by the agreement of 
scholars, to surrender to captivity if she fears for her modesty.) Do you not fear that your turn may 
come, and that the matter will concern your own honor? Abu Dawud narrates on the authority of 
Jabir {Hadith Hasan, Saheeh Al-Jaami' No. 5566}: 

"There is no man who forsakes another Muslim man in a situation in which his honor is being 
disparaged and his respect is being violated, except that Allah will forsake him in a position in which 
he would like to be helped. Nor is there anybody who helps a Muslim in a situation where his honor is 
being disparaged and his respect is being violated, except that Allah will help him in a position where 
he would like to be helped." 

So fear Allah with regard to your honor. 

Hibban Ibn Musa says, 

"We went outforribat {Ribat: guarding the frontiers of Muslim landjto Syria withlbn al-Mubarak. 
When he saw how the people were worshipping, making battle and sending out expeditions every day, 
he turned to me and said, 'We belong to Allah and to Him shall we return. Alas for the part of our 
lives that we have spent, and for the nights and days that we whiled away in acquiring knowledge of 
the declaration of legal intent of divorce, leaving aside the open doors of Heaven here. " 

This is Ibn al-Mubarak, who used to perform ribat for two months or more every year - leaving aside 
his trade and the lessons of hadith and going out for ribat - bewailing the fact that he has not 
performed ribat all his life, and that he has occupied himself with learning instead. What then should 
those who have not fired a single shot in the Path of Allah say? 

When the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was afflicted with his terminal illness, he 
did not let it prevent him from reminding the Companions to dispatch the mission of Usamah (may 
Allah be pleased with him). When Abu Bakr al-Siddiq tried to send out Usamah's expedition, the 
Companions tried to dissuade him from his resolution, whereupon he uttered the famous words 
{Hayatus Sahaba 1/440}, 

"By He beside Whom there is no god! Even if the dogs rove around the feet of the wives of the 
Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), I will not turn back an army which has been sent out 
by the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). " 

And Allah willed that the final advice of the Companion of the Messenger of Allah ( sallallahu alayhi 
wa sallam) should be to exhort people towards jihad. Abu Bakr, in the last hours of his life summoned 
v Umar and said to him {Hayatus Sahaba 1/441}, 

Page 22 

"Listen, ^Umar! I am telling you, and so act upon it afterwards, for I believe I shall die today (and that 
day was Monday); so if I die today, do not let the evening reach you without having taken over 
leadership of the people, and if I live till the night, do not let morning reach you without having taken 
over leadership of the people. Let not a calamity, great as it may be, distract you from matters 
pertaining to your religion, and the advice of your Lord. You saw me at the death of the Messenger of 
Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), and surely creation has never suffered such a misfortune. By 
Allah! If I were to delay in executing an order of His Messenger, Allah would forsake us, and afflict us 
with punishment and the city would be set ablaze. " 

Indeed, Abu Bakr, the best man after the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), felt that delay in 
enforcing the command of Allah and the command of His Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) in 
going out for jihad was liable to invite destruction and loss. 

This is the Book of Allah making judgement between us, and the Sunnah of His messenger (sallallahu 
alayhi wa sallam) speaking and testifying before us, and the way of the Companions in their 
understanding of the importance of jihad in this religion. Do we then have any comment on these 
ample, plain, clear, decisive, mutawatir {Mutawatir. text that has been narrated by so many reliable 
individuals that there is no doubt in its authenticity Jfexts? The villain has reached the depths of the 
Muslim women's chamber - shall we then leave him be? Shall we allow him to violate honors, spoil 
values and uproot principles? 

Perhaps a woman might utter, 'OhMutasim!', 

And such cries fill the mouths of the orphans. 

Her cry has reached the ears of the people, 

But she has not touched the dignity of (any like) alMu v tasim 

The Russians have taken five thousand two hundred Afghan Muslim children to rear them on the 
Communist ideology, and to sow heresy deep within them. The Americans have confirmed the 
opening of six hundred schools, and they are maintaining, educating and raising one hundred fifty 
thousand Afghan children inside and outside the country. Where then are the propagators of Islam? 

Where are the Muslim educators, and what have they prepared for saving this Muslim generation, and 
for safeguarding this great and blessed people? 

The jurists have documented that the lands of the Muslims are like a single land, so that whichever 
region of the Muslims' territory is exposed to danger, it is necessary that the whole body of the Islamic 
Ummah rally together to protect this organ which is exposed to the onslaught of the microbe. What is 
the matter with the scholars that they do not arouse the youths for jihad, especially since arousal is 
compulsory? "And arouse the believers." {Qur'an 4:84} 

What is the matter with the propagators that they do not dedicate a year of their lives to live amongst 
the Mujahideen, giving guidance and direction? What is the matter with the students that they do not 
take a year off from their studies in order to attain the distinction of jihad, and contribute with their 
own selves to the establishment of Allah's religion on earth? 

"They are content to be among the women who remain behind, and their hearts have been sealed, so 
that they do not comprehend." However, the Messenger and those who believe with him perform 

Page 23 

jihad with their selves and their wealth; they are the ones for whom there are blessings and reward, 
and they are the successful ones." {Qur'an 9:87-88} 

What is the matter with the Imams, that they do not sincerely advise those who seek counsel from 
them regarding going out with blood and soul in the Path of Allah? For how long will the believing 
youths be held back and restrained from jihad? These youths, whose hearts are burning with a fire, 
spurting forth enthusiasm, and blazing with zeal that their pure blood may irrigate the earth of the 
Muslims. The one who forbids a young man from jihad is no different from the one who forbids him 
from prayer and fasting. Does the one who forbids people from jihad not fear that he falls under the 
implication (albeit indirectly) of the noble verse in which Allah says, (translated): 

"Perhaps Allah knows those among you who restrain others, and those who say to their brethren, 
'Come to us,' while they show only a little courage. They are miserly toward you. Then, when fear 
comes, you see them looking toward you, their eyes rolling like one who has been enshrouded on 
account of death. Then, when the fear departs, they lash you with sharp tongues, envious of the good. 
They have not believed, so Allah has rendered their deeds void, and that is easy for Allah. " {Qur 'an 

What is the matter with the mothers, that one of them does not send forward one her sons in the Path 
of Allah, that he might be a pride for her in this world, and a treasure for her in the Hereafter through 
his intercession? And what is the matter with the fathers that they do not urge one of their sons, so 
that he can grow up in the rearing-ground of heroes, and the lands of men, and the grounds of battle? 
He should consider that Allah created him infertile, and part of giving thanks for the blessing of 
children is to submit the charity from his children as thanks to his Lord. Did he create himself? Or 
provide himself with wealth? Why then, the stinginess towards the Lord of the Worlds? 

Stinginess towards the King with respect to what He owns, notwithstanding the fact that we believe 
"A soul will not die until its life span and sustenance have been depleted. " 

What is the matter with the Muslims that they do not record some days of frontier-guarding, and some 
hours of battle in the books of their deeds, and the chronicles of their virtues? It has been confirmed in 
an authentic hadith narrated by Muslim on the authority of Salman that {Riyadh-us-Saliheen, Imam 
An-Nawawi 1291}, 

"Guarding the frontier for a day in the Path of Allah is better than the fasting and prayer of a month." 

And in a hasan hadith by At-Tirmidhi on the authority of Uthman {Riyadh-us-Saliheen, Imam 
An-Nawawi 1293}, 

"Guarding the frontier for a day in the Path of Allah is better than a thousand days spent in other 
abodes, during which the nights are spent in prayer and the days in fasting." 

And in the authentic hadith narrated by Imam Ahmad and Tirmidhi (Sake eh Al-Jaami' No. 4503}, 
"Standing for an hour in the ranks of battle is better than standing (in prayer) for sixty years." 
Oh brothers of Islam! Come, therefore, to the defense of your religion, and the victory of your Lord, 

Page 24 

and the elevation of the way of your Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)! Beloved brother! Draw 
your sword, climb onto the back of your horse, and wipe the blemish off your Ummah. If you do not 
assume the responsibility, who then will? 

Kind brother! 

The dream of disgrace has gone on long enough 
Where, then, is the roar of lions? 
The party of the small birds have become eagle-like 
And we are under the subjugation of slaves- 
The subjugation of slaves out of submissiveness 
And not as a result of military defeat. 

Dear brother! "Surely, in their stories is a moral for intelligent people. " {Qur'an 12:111} 

So, the bloody tale of Bukhara, the narrative of mutilated Palestine, and blazing Eden, and enslaved 
peoples, the sorry stories of Spain, the terrible accounts of Eritrea, sore Bulgaria, the tragedy of 
Sudan, the devastated remnants of Lebanon, Somalia, Burma, Caucasia and its deep wounds, 
Uganda, Zanzibar, Indonesia, Nigeria. All these slaughters and tragedies are the best lesson for us. 
Will we take admonishment from the past before we lose the present? Or will history repeat itself 
over us while we swallow degradation, fall into oblivion as those before us did, and lose just as they 

We hope that Allah defeats the Russians in Afghanistan, and that they turn back on their heels in 
failure. If the latter occurs, then I wish I knew what catastrophe will befall the Muslims. 

Abu Dawud has reported, with a strong chain of narration, on themarftf authority of AbuUmamah, 

"Whoever did not go out for jihad, nor helped equip a fighter, nor treated amujahid's family well in 
his absence, Allah will afflict him with a calamity before the Day of Judgement." {Hasan hadith: Abu 
Dawud 3/22; Ibn Majah 2/923} 

"Surely, therein is a reminder for anybody with a heart, or who listens while bearing witness (to the 
truth)." {Qur'an 50:37} 

Have I not conveyed the message? Oh Allah, bear witness then. 

Have I not conveyed the message? Oh Allah, bear witness then. 

Have I not conveyed the message? Oh Allah, bear witness then.{ Taken from the Prophet's 

(sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) last sermon} 


1. When the enemy enters the land of the Muslims, jihad becomes individually obligatory (fard "ayn), 
according to all the jurists, mufassirin and muhaddithin . 

Page 25 

2. When jihad becomes fard v ayn, there is no difference between it and salah and fasting, according to 
the three Imams, Abu Hanifah, Malik and al-Shaff i. As for the Hanbalis, they give priority to salah. 

In Bulghah al-Salik li-Aqrab al-Masalikfi madhhab al-Imam Malik ("The Sufficiency of the Traveller 
on the Best Path in the School of Imam Malik"), the following is reported: 

"Jihad in the Path of Allah, to raise the word of Allah, ifard kifayah once a year, so that if some 
perform it, the obligation falls from the rest. It becomesfard ^ayn, like salah and fasting, if the 
legitimate Muslim Imam declares it so, or if there is an attack by the enemy on an area of people. " 

Majma" Al-Anhur, a book of the Hanafi school, reports: 

"If the sufficiency (to defeat the enemy) is not reached except by everybody participating, then at such 
a time it (jihad) becomesfard "ayn, like salah. " 

And in Hashiyah Ibn v Abidin {Hashiyah Ibn Abidin 3/238 J, another authoritative Hanafi text, we find, 

"...and (jihad is) fard "ayn if the enemy has attacked part of the Islamic homeland. It thus becomes an 
obligation likesalah and fasting which cannot be abandoned. " 

3. When jihad becomes fard v ayn, no permission of parents is required, just as parents' permission is 
not required to perform the dawn salah, or to fast Ramadan. 

4. There is no difference between one who abandons jihad without excuse when it is fard v ayn, and 
one who eats without excuse during the day in Ramadan. 

5. Donating money does not exempt a person from bodily jihad, no matter how great the amount of 
money given. Nor is the obligation of jihad, which is hanging over the person's neck, lifted from him; 
just as it is not correct to give money to the poor for missed fasts or prayers without making them up. 

6. Jihad is the obligation of a lifetime, just like salah and fasting. As it is not permissible to fast one 
year in Ramadan and eat in the following Ramadan, or to pray one day and abandon salah another 
day, similarly one cannot perform jihad one year and abandon it for some years if he is capable of 

7. Jihad is currently fard v ayn - individually obligatory, in person and by wealth, in every place that the 
Disbelievers have occupied. It remains fard v ayn continuously until every piece of land that was once 
Islamic is regained. 

8. The word "jihad", when mentioned on its own, only means combat with weapons, as was 
mentioned by Ibn Rushd, and upon this the four Imams have agreed. 

9. The implication of "fi sabilillah" (in the Path of Allah) is jihad, as Ibn Hajar has said. {Fath-ul-Bari, 
Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani 6/22} 

10. The saying, "We have returned from the lesser jihad (battle) to the greater jihad (jihad of the 

Page 26 

soul)" which people quote on the basis that it is a hadith, is in fact a false, fabricated hadith which has 
no basis. It is only a saying of Ibrahim Ibn Abi v Abalah, one of the Successors, and it contradicts 
textual evidence and reality. {Ibn Taymiyyah said in Al-Furqan pp. 44-45: "This hadith has no sources 
and nobody whomsoever in the field of Islamic knowledge has narrated it. Jihad against the 
disbelievers is the most noble of actions and moreover it is most important action for the sake of 
mankind. " Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi reports it as daeef (weak) due to the narrator Khalaf bin 
Muhammad bin Ismail Al-Khiyam. Al-Haakim says, "His hadiths are unreliable. "Abu Ya'la Al-Khalili 
says, "He often adulterates, is very weak and narrates unknownhadith. " (Mashari-ul-Ashwaq, Ibn 
Nuhas 1/31). There is also the narratorYahya bin Al-Ula who is known liar and forgerer of hadith 
(Ahmad). Amru bin Ah, An-Nasai and Ad-Daraqutni state, "His hadith are renounced. " Ibn Adi 
states, "His hadith are false, " (Tahzeeb-ut-Tahzeeb 1 1/261-262) Ibn Hajar said, "He was accused of 
forging hadith, " (At-Taghrib). Adh-Dhahabi said, "Abu Hatim said that he is not a strong narrator, 
Ibn Ma 'een classified him as weak and Ad-Daraqutni said that he is to be neglected. " 

11. Jihad is the zenith of Islam, and proceeds in stages. Before it comes hijrah, then preparation 
(organisation), then ribat, then combat. Hijrah is necessary for jihad, for it has been reported in the 
authentic hadith reported by Imam Ahmad on the marfu' authority of Junadah, that "hijrah will not 
cease as long as jihad continues." Ribat refers to living on the Muslims' front-line to protect the 
Muslims. It is a necessity of combat, because battles do not occur every day. A person may perform 
ribat for a long time and only participate in one or two battles during this time. 

12. Jihad today is individually obligatory (fard v ayn), by self and wealth, on every Muslim, and the 
Islamic community remains sinful until the last piece of Islamic land is freed from the hands of the 
Disbelievers, nor are any absolved from the sin other than the Mujahideen. 

13. Jihad in the time of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was of different varieties. 
The Battle of Badr was recommended (mustahabb). On the other hand, the battles of The Trench and 
Tabuk were fard v ayn upon every Muslim. The entire community was summoned forth, in the case of 
Tabuk because of the fact that the Disbelievers attacked Madinah, the Land of Islam. The Battle of 
Khaybar (in the year 7 A.H.) was communally obligatory (fard kifayah), and the Messenger of Allah 
only permitted those who had witnessed Hudaybiyah (6 A. H.) to participate in it. 

14. Jihad in the days of the Companions and Successors was mostly fard kifayah, because they were 
embarking on new conquests. 

15. Today jihad in person is all fard v ayn. 

16. Allah has not excused anybody to abandon jihad other than the ill, the cripple and the blind, as 
well as children who have not yet reached puberty, and women who have no way of emigrating and 
performing jihad, and those advanced in years. In fact, it is better for even the sick person whose 
illness is not serious, as well as the cripple and the blind person, if they are able to make their way to 
the training camps in order to join the Mujahideen, teach them Qur'an, talk to them and encourage 
them to be brave, to do so, just as Abdullah Ibn Umm Maktum did in Uhud. Anybody else has no 
excuse before Allah, whether he is a professional, a specialist, an employer or a great businessman. 
None of these is excused from performing jihad personally or permitted to merely contribute 

Page 27 

17. Jihad is a collective act of worship, and every group must have a leader. Obedience to the leader is 
a necessity in jihad, and thus a person must condition himself to invariably obey the leader, as has 
been reported in the hadith by Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurayrah: 

"You must hear and obey, whether it is easy or difficult for you, in things which are pleasant for you 
as well as those which are inconvenient and difficult for you." 


1 . The jihad of ordinary people is different from the jihad of Islamic propagators. The propagators are 
always few, and as a rule they are the prime of the Ummah. They alone cannot continue a prolonged 
jihad, nor are they capable of confronting nations, and so the Ummah must participate with them. Any 
people will have many faults, so let not anybody think that an entire people is outstanding, bearing the 
mark of elite angels. 

2. The Afghan people are like any other people in that there is ignorance and shortcomings among 
them, so let not anybody think that he will find an entire people without any deficiencies. However, 
the difference between the Afghan people and others is that the Afghans have refused disgrace in 
their religion, and have purchased their dignity with seas of blood and mountains of corpses and lost 
limbs. Other nations have submitted to colonization and disbelief from the first day. 

3. The Afghan nation is illiterate, and has been reared only on the Hanafi school of thought. No other 
school of jurisprudence has co-existed with the Hanafi school in Afghanistan, and thus many of them 
think that anything, which contradicts the Hanafi school, is not part of Islam. The absence of other 
juristic schools in Afghanistan has led to partisanship and prejudice in favor of the Hanafi school in 
the hearts of the Afghan people. Therefore anybody who wishes to perform jihad with the Afghans 
should respect the Hanafi school. 

4. The Afghans are a faithful people who recognize manhood, chivalry and pride, and do not 
appreciate trickery or hypocrisy. When they love a person, they will give their life and soul for him, 
and if they dislike him they will not show it at all. A person should desist from certain actions of the 
prayer when he first mingles with them, in order to give himself a valuable chance of reaching their 
hearts so that he will be able to instruct and educate them and thus improve their worldly and 
religious conditions. Imam Ahmad and Ibn Taymiyyah have given verdicts to this effect. 

5. You should certainly know that the path of jihad is long and arduous, and that it is not easy for 
most people to continue the journey, even if they were very eager at the start. Desires and effusive 
feelings for jihad must definitely take root in the soul to enable it to bear hardships, and to rear it upon 
difficulties and adversities. Many youth came here zealous, but then their zeal steadily diminished, 
until they began disputing the very ordinance of jihad. 

Allah has undertaken to support the Mujahideen, so whoever goes forth in His path, Allah will guide 
him, strengthen his determination, fortify his heart and make his feet firm. 

"There are three whom Allah must help: the mujahid in the path of Allah, the reporter (of a message) 

Page 28 

who wishes to discharge his responsibility, and the one seeking marriage in order to guard his 
modesty." {At-Tirmidhi, Ahmad, An-Nasai and Ibn Majah. Authenticated bylbn Hibban and 
Al-Haakim, with which Adh-Dhahabi agreed.} 

Oh Allah! You are free from all defect. Praise be to You. I bear witness that there is none worthy of 
worship other than You, I seek Your forgiveness and turn to you in repentance. 



Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. Blessings and peace be upon the noblest of Messengers, 
Muhammad and upon all his family and companions. 

1 . We have spoken at length about the status of jihad today in Afghanistan, Palestine, and other 
usurped Muslim lands of the like. We have confirmed what has been agreed upon by the earlier (salaf) 
and latter (khalaf) generations ofhadith scholars, exegetes, jurists, and scholars of religious principles 
(usul), namely that : 

"When a span of Muslim land is occupied jihad becomes individually obligatoryfard ^ayn) on the 
inhabitants of that piece of land. The woman may go out without her husband's permission with a 
mahram, the one in debt without the permission of the one to whom he owes, the child without his 
father's permission. If the inhabitants of that area are not sufficient in number, fall short, or are lazy, 
the individually obligatory nature of jihad extends to those around them, and so on and so on until it 
covers the entire Earth, being individually obligatoryffird ^ayn) just likesalah, fasting, and the like so 
that nobody may abandon it. " 

2. The obligation of jihad today remains fard v ayn until the liberation of the last piece of land which 
was in the hands of Muslims but has been occupied by the Disbelievers. 

3. Some scholars consider jihad today in Afghanistan and Palestine to be fard kifayah. We agree with 
them in that jihad in Afghanistan for the Arabs was initially fard kifayah. But the jihad is in need of 
men and the inhabitants of Afghanistan have not met the requirement which is to expel the 
Disbelievers from Afghanistan. In this case, the communal obligation (fard kifayah) is overturned. It 
becomes individually obligatory (fard v ayn) in Afghanistan, and remains so until enough Mujahideen 
have gathered to expel the communists in which case it again becomes fard kifayah. 

4. There is no permission needed from anybody in the case of an individual obligation (fard v ayn), 
according to the principle, "there is no permission necessary for an individual obligationfard "ayn) ". 

5. A person who discourages people from jihad is like the one who discourages people from fasting. 
Whoever advises an able Muslim not to go for jihad is just like the one who advises him to eat in 
Ramadan while he is healthy and in residence. 

Page 29 

6. It is best to shun the company of those who hold back from jihad and not to enter into arguments 
with them, for this would lead to idle disputation and hardening of the heart. 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah says, 

"And abandonment/shunning comprises: avoiding evil and evil people, and similarly shunning those 
who call for innovation in religion, and sinful people and those who associate with such people or 
assist them in those endeavours. Similar is the case of the person who abandons jihad and from whom 
there is no benefit in associating with, for in this case we are liable to punishment for not having 
helped him by co-operating in matters of righteousness and piety. The adulterers, homosexuals, those 
who abandon jihad, the innovators and the alcoholics, as well as those who associate with them are a 
source of harm to the religion of Islam. They will not cooperate in matters of righteousness and piety. 
So whoever does not shun their company is, in fact, abandoning what he has been commanded to do 
and is committing a despicable deed. "{Majmu' Al-Fatawa 15/313} 


When we call people for jihad and explain to them its ordinance, it does not mean that we are in a 
position to take care of them, advise them, and look after their families. The concern of the scholars is 
to clarify the Islamic legal ruling. It is neither to bring people to jihad nor to borrow money from 
people to take care of the families of Mujahideen. When Ibn Taymiyyah or Al-Tzz Ibn v Abd As- 
Salam explained the ruling concerning fighting against the Tartars they did not become obliged to 
equip the army. 

Carrying out religious obligations is necessary according to one's capability. Pilgrimage, for example, 
is compulsory on those who are able to perform it. 

"And it is an obligation on mankind towards Allah to perform the Pilgrimage of the House for 
whoever is able to do so." (Qur'an 3:97} 

Similarly, jihad must be performed according to one's ability, as mentioned in the Qur'an, 

"There is no blame on the weak, nor on the ill, nor on those who cannot find anything to spend, when 
they are sincere and true towards Allah and His Messenger. There is no censure upon the righteous. 
Indeed Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Nor (is there any blame) on those who, when they 
came to you to be provided with mounts, you said to them, " I cannot find anything on which to 
mount you.' They turned away, their eyes flowing with tears, out of grief that they did not have 
anything to spend (in the path of Allah)." {Qur'an 9:91-92} 

Ibn aPArabi said {Ibn Al-Arabi 2/995}, 

"This second verse is the strongest of evidence for the acceptability of the excuse of one who is in 
poverty or has a valid need which holds him back from jihad, provided goodwill has been identified in 
his conduct while claiming the inability. " 

Page 30 

Al-Qurtubi said in his tafsir {Tafseer Al-Qurtubi 8/226], 

"The verse is a basis for the dismissal of obligation from the incapable, so that whoever is incapable 
of performing a deed is exempted from it, sometimes by doing something else in its place, and 
sometimes by merely having the resolution and will to do it. There is no difference in this respect 
between a person who is incapable physically, and one who is financially unable. This verse is 
explained by the words of Allah, (translated) Allah does not impose upon any soul a burden beyond 
its capability' " 

In Sahih Muslim, it is reported that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, 

"In Madinah are people who are with you whenever you travel any distance or traverse a valley. They 
were held back by (valid) excuses." 

According to another narration, "they were held back by illness." 

{Formatters note: This is a summary of the thehadeeth in which during the battle ofTabuk, Allah's 
Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "There are people whom you do not travel any 
distance, nor do you spend anything, nor do you pass any valley, but they with you in that matter, 
while they remain in AlMadinah. " The people said, "How is that?" He said: "They have been 
restrained due to some excuse, but they are with us because of the good intention. "Reported by Abu 
Dawud and Al-Bukhari in a shorter version} 

Al-Qurtubi said, 

"The majority of scholars are of the view that anybody who cannot find anything to spend in jihad is 
not obliged to spend. " 

At-Tabari inferred {Tafseer At-Tabari 10/211}, 

"There is no blame (i. e. sin) on those with chronic diseases, who are incapable ofravelling and 
fighting, nor on the ill, nor on those who do not find anything to spend to take them to jihad. " 

Ibn Taymiyyah said {Majmu' Al-Fatawa 15/313}, 

"Tlie commands, retributions, expiations and so on of the Islamic law are intended to be implemented 
according to capability. " 


1. Those with valid excuses are absolved of the sin of sitting back from jihad. Those legitimately 
excused include: 

a) somebody with a wife and children who do not have income from any other source nor have 
anybody besides him who could support and maintain them. But if he is able to allocate provision for 

Page 31 

them for the duration of his absence, then he is sinful if he sits back. Every Muslim should reduce his 
spending and be frugal with his earnings until he is able to go out for jihad. 

b) somebody who was unable, after much effort, to obtain a visa to come to Pakistan. 

c) somebody whose government denied him a passport or prevented him from leaving from the 

d) somebody who has parents who do not have anybody besides him to support and maintain them. 


This point is never an excuse because it is a matter of suspicion and uncertainty. Jihad is a certainty 
and the fear of interrogation by the Intelligence is a matter of doubt. In fact, even if he is certain that 
the Intelligence will interrogate him, this is not an excuse, which absolves him from the sin of sitting 
back from jihad. The excuse of coercion which is admissible in the sharfah and which would absolve 
him of the sin of abandoning an obligation is "direct coercion which threatens loss of life or limb" 
that is, torture involving death or severance of a limb. Similarly, fear of police authorities in the 
country whose passport he holds, even if he is sure that when he returns they will detain him and kill 
him or sever his limb, is not an acceptable excuse before Allah because in this case he is obliged to 
forsake his country and live in the land of jihad. 

"Those whose souls the angels take while they are wronging themselves - (the angels) say to them, 
'What was the matter with you?' They reply, 'We were weak and oppressed in the land.' (The angels) 
say, 'Was not Allah's earth spacious enough that you could emigrate therein?' Then, the abode of 
those people shall be Hell - how evil a destination it is! Except for such weak and oppressed men, 
women and children who were neither able to come up with a stratagem (to emigrate) nor shown any 
way (to do so) - those Allah will surely pardon, and Allah is Most Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. "(Qur'an 

THE ISSUE OF ARAB WOMEN {The context used here means women from outside the country} 

Arab women may not come without a no n- marriageable male guardian (mahram). Their duties are 
confined to education, nursing, and assisting refugees. As for fighting, Arab women may not fight 
because until now, Afghan women are not participating in the fighting. 


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The individual obligation is not dismissed from a cripple or from an invalid whose illness is not serious 
because they are capable of working in the spheres of health and education which is a broad field. The 
Mujahideen are now more in need of propagators than they are in need of food, weapons, and 

Ibn al-Humam said {Fath-ul-Qadir 5/441 J, 

"As for the one who is not able to go out for fighting, he must go out to swell the ranks for this will 
help terrorise the enemy. " 

So if going out to swell the ranks is obligatory, then how about going out to teach the Mujahideen the 
regulations of their religion? This is more obligatory and more strongly compulsory. 


In conclusion: We tell those with families that they may not leave their families and go out for jihad 
without ensuring provision for them and without ensuring that somebody will take care of them. 
Thus, whoever wishes to go out now with his family should realise that we are not able to take care 
of him. He should therefore check with the Islamic centres close to him or with well-wishers until he 
is able to guarantee provision for his family. The poor people with families must therefore 
determinedly look for somebody who could financially support their families for the duration of their 
absence. They should urgently hasten to take care of their financial affairs, then go out for jihad. 

"The Jihad is in need of money, and men are in need of Jihad." 

{Sheikh Abdullah Azzam} 


Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jama v ah - the followers of the sunnah, and the Community. The body of 
mainstream Muslims. 

Companions - Sahabah. - those people who met the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as Muslims, 
and who died as Muslims. 

fard v ayn - an individual obligation, which must be performed by every sane adult, and which is not 
waived from anybody no matter how great the number of people doing it. Anybody not performing it 
is sinful, and anybody fulfilling it is rewarded. 

fard kifayah - a communal obligation, which must be discharged by at least some people, otherwise 
they will all be sinful. Only those performing the duty are rewarded, although if they fulfil the duty, 
the sin is lifted off everybody. 

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fiqh - jurisprudence, Islamic law. 

Firdaws - a part of Paradise. Bukhari and Muslim have narrated that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa 
sallam) said, 

"When you ask Allah for Paradise, ask Him for Firdaws, for it is the highest part of Paradise, and the 
best part of Paradise. From it gush the rivers of Paradise, and above it is the Throne of (Allah) The 
Most Gracious. " 

Fitnah - strife. 

hadith - a report of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)'s sayings and/or deeds. 

hasan - good. A category ofhadith that is well-corroborated, but not to the same level as one 
rigorously authenticated (sahih). 

hijrah - emigration from a land of Disbelievers in order to be able to practise Islam. The famous hijrah 
in Islamic history is that of the early Muslims fromMakkah to Madinah, and this is counted as the first 
year of the Islamic calendar. 

Hururiyyah - a sect of the Khawarij who retired to Hurura' (near Kufah, in "Iraq), after which they are 

Khawarij - a sect that denounced both v Ali (the fourth Caliph), and Mu'awiyah during the conflict 
between the two Companions. They revolted against v Ali since they believed it was justified to rise 
against a corrupt ruler. They were very strictly religious, and very harsh against those who opposed 

mahram - a permanently non-marriageable male relative of a woman, such as her brother, father, son 
and grandfather. 

marftf - ascribed. Used to describe a hadith which has been related through a contiguous series of 
transmitters from the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). 

mufassir - a scholar specialised in the study of tafsir. (plural: mufassirin). 

muhaddith - a scholar specialised in the study of hadith. (plural: muhaddithin). 

muhajirin - emigrants. Those Muslims who perform the hijrah. 

mujahid - one who performs jihad, (plural: Mujahideen). 

mutawatir - used to describe a hadith which has been reported through mass narration, by so many 
pious Muslims in every generation that it is not admissible that they could all have been mistaken or 
co-operatively agreed to he. 

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Salaf - The first three generations of Muslims after the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). In a 
hadith narrated by Bukhari, the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "The best of my Ummah is 
my generation, then those after them, then those after them. " 

Ribaat - guarding the frontlines of the Islamic state. 

Salah - the ritual prayer, performed five times daily. 

Successors -Tabfin. The second generation of Muslims, who met the Companions, but did not meet 
the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) himself. 

sunnah - the deeds and words of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). 

tafsir - exegesis, commentary on the Qur'an. 

Uhud - a mountain near Madinah. The site of one of the early battles between the Muslims and the 
pagans. About it, the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said in Saheeh Al-Bukhari: "This (Uhud) is 
a mountain that loves us and is loved by us. " 

Ummah - the Islamic community. 

zakah - the compulsory charity (2.5%) which must be paid by those who have had more than a 
specified amount of wealth for one lunar year. 

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